16F819 ADC 8bit=127, Not 255?Help!
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  1. #1
    Accelerator's Avatar
    Accelerator Guest

    Default 16F819 ADC 8bit=127, Not 255?Help!

    Hi ladies and gentlemen,

    I'm very new to this forum, as well as the PIC world, and I have a simple code below to test my PIC16F819 's ADC function. I am trying to set the ADC as a 8-bit converter, however, it turned out that the value only goes up to 127, not 255 (if you refer to the code below, the value of "counter" only displayed up to 4, instead of 9, and my servo only turned half way...). By the way, my analog test input for PORTA.0 is from 0v to 5v.

    I'm stuck and I have no clue of what I have done wrong, would anyone please help me out?!

    Thanks in advance!

    regards,
    Accelerator

    ================================================== ===
    @ DEVICE PIC16F819, INTRC_OSC_NOCLKOUT, WDT_OFF, LVP_OFF, PWRT_ON, PROTECT_OFF, BOD_OFF

    include "modedefs.bas"

    DEFINE OSC 8 'set the clock to 8 Mhz
    OSCCON = $70 'set the clock to 8 Mhz, 60 for 4MHz
    'set up the analog to digital converters
    DEFINE ADC_BITS 8 'set # of bits
    DEFINE ADC_CLOCK 1 'set clock source(1=internal 8MHz, 3=rc)
    DEFINE ADC_SAMPLEUS 50 'set sampling time in ms
    ADCON1 = 0 'set PORTA pins to analog
    TRISA = %00000001
    TRISB = %00000000

    COUNTER var PORTA
    LED var PORTB.7
    POTENTIAL var byte

    high led

    SENSOR01:

    ADCIN 0,potential

    If potential>0 and potential<26 then counter = 0
    If potential=>26 and potential<51 then counter = 1
    If potential=>51 and potential<76 then counter = 2
    If potential=>76 and potential<101 then counter = 3
    If potential=>101 and potential<126 then counter = 4
    If potential=>126 and potential<151 then counter = 5
    If potential=>151 and potential<176 then counter = 6
    If potential=>176 and potential<201 then counter = 7
    If potential=>201 and potential<226 then counter = 8
    If potential=>226 and potential<255 then counter = 9

    pulsout PORTB.0, potential

    goto sensor01
    ================================================== ===
    Last edited by Accelerator; - 18th June 2006 at 07:05.

  2. #2
    Join Date
    May 2004
    Location
    NW France
    Posts
    3,539

    Question Hardware ???

    a little ADC input circuitry scheme ... please.

    Thanks

    Alain
    ************************************************** ***********************
    Why insist on using 32 Bits when you're not even able to deal with the first 8 ones ??? ehhhhhh ...
    ************************************************** ***********************
    IF there is the word "Problem" in your question ...
    certainly the answer is " RTFM " or " RTFDataSheet " !!!
    *****************************************

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Jul 2003
    Posts
    2,405

    Default

    A couple things to watch out for.

    1.
    Place ADCON1 = %01001110 in the init section of your code. Now only RA0
    is configured as an analog input, and the rest can be used for digital I/O.

    Some pins you're trying to use as digital outputs are still configired as analog
    inputs. ADCON1 = 0 sets them "all" to analog inputs.

    2.
    You need a different A/D conversion clock if you're running at 8MHz. With
    ADCON1.6 = 1 this sets the conversion clock to 16 which is what you need
    for any osc over 5MHz up to 10MHz MAX. See the data sheet table Tad vs.
    max device operating frequency.

    3.
    If you're using RA0 for the A/D input, and RA5 is input only, you're never
    going to see from 0 to 255 output on your LED's on porta. You could use all
    of portb for the LED's and output your pulse on one of the porta pins like RA1,
    2,3,4,6 or 7.

    4.
    PULSOUT toggles the pin twice, so the initial state of the pin used determines
    the polarity of your pulse. If you want a high-going pulse, then clear the pin
    you're using first. Just above TRISB = %00000000 place PORTB = %00000000.

    PULSOUT resolution at 8MHz is 5uS. Assuming your A/D reading is from 0-255,
    your MAX servo pulse can only be 5uS x 255 = 1.275mS.

    You could use pulsout PORTB.0, potential*2 to compensate. That increases
    your pulse out to ((255*2)*5uS) = 2.55mS MAX. Your servo should move full
    range in both directions. You may want to add a short delay just after your
    PULSOUT to get somewhere between 50-60Hz update rates.
    Last edited by Bruce; - 18th June 2006 at 16:27.
    Regards,

    -Bruce
    tech at rentron.com
    http://www.rentron.com

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Oct 2004
    Location
    Hangover, Germany
    Posts
    289

    Default

    1. mistake:
    You defined the variable COUNTER on PARTA. Why ?
    If you read this 8 bits back, they represent the digital attached signals from the pins.
    You should define it as a simple variable (Var byte).

    2....:
    you write to Counter, but never read it back ?

    3....:
    maybe you can throw away the if-thens by using counter=Potenzial*10/256 with some other steps
    PBP 2.50C, MCS+ 3.0.0.5, MPLAB 8, MPASM 5.14, ASIX Presto, PoScope, mE mikroBasic V7.2, PICKIT2

  5. #5
    Accelerator's Avatar
    Accelerator Guest

    Default

    Thank you very much for all the comments!!!! I do appreciate them! You guys are masters!!

    I have not tried you guys advises yet, I have been busy these couple days. But I will surely try them out once I free up myself!

    To reply the questions #2 from BigWumpus, I connected my PORTA.1~4 to a single digit display through a decoder; and since its just a display, I don't need to read it back. I do like your #3 suggestion though! Thanks a lot!


    Quote Originally Posted by BigWumpus
    1. mistake:
    You defined the variable COUNTER on PARTA. Why ?
    If you read this 8 bits back, they represent the digital attached signals from the pins.
    You should define it as a simple variable (Var byte).

    2....:
    you write to Counter, but never read it back ?

    3....:
    maybe you can throw away the if-thens by using counter=Potenzial*10/256 with some other steps

  6. #6
    Accelerator's Avatar
    Accelerator Guest

    Default

    I finally have time to work on my code, and YES! I got it work!!

    There are few things I changed:
    1. For the single digit display, I changed my output from PORTA, to PORTB.0~3. Since then, it displayed numbers from 0-9!!!

    2. For the servo, I changed the PULSOUT signal from potential to potential*2, because, the full motion range 0-255 is for 4MHz, but I'm using 8MHz indeed.

    Thank God!!!

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