Protection Circuit


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  1. #1
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    Default Protection Circuit

    Guys,

    Need some advice on incorporating a reverse protection circuit and possibly over voltage into a project. I came across this circuit, but the suggested MOSFETS are now obsolete



    Q1 and Q3 are VISHAY SQD19P06-60L-GE3 MOSFET Transistor, P Channel, -20 A, -60 V, 0.046 ohm, -10 V, -1.5 V
    Q2 is a INFINEON BSS83P H6327 MOSFET Transistor, P Channel, -330 mA, -60 V, 1.4 ohm, -10 V, -1.5 V

    D2 is a 30v or 33v zener, with 12v or 15v zeners for D1, D3 and D4.

    however there are no mention of the resistor values, which makes the schematic a bit pointless !

    Anyone have any suggestion, or a simplified method to protect the ongoing circuit from reverse polarity. I'm not that worried about over voltage, however having a means of preventing the output from going over 13v would be handy

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Jan 2013
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    Texas USA
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    Default Re: Protection Circuit

    Saw this online.

    May be of some help.

    http://www.instructables.com/id/Reve...-circuit-with/
    Regards,
    TABSoft

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Sep 2009
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    674

    Default Re: Protection Circuit

    10-33K resistors should be fine(depending on zener leakage current).
    D1, D3, D4 protect MOSFET's gate from over voltage. Usually Vgs is +-20V, so any zener between 5 and 15V should be ok.
    Vmax should be Vd2+Gate Threshold Voltage of Q2(usually 1-3V).
    MOSFETs depends on your max voltage and current.
    Last edited by pedja089; - 14th June 2016 at 01:23.

  4. #4

    Default Re: Protection Circuit

    A series diode will protect from reverse polarity. A cheap 1N4000 series is simplest at the cost of half a volt or so depending on load. If your supply has room, a diode bridge will let you connect up power backwards and still operate correctly.

  5. #5
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    Oct 2009
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    580

    Default Re: Protection Circuit

    Thanks for the suggestions guys.

    I'm designing the project to use a 12v DC source to power some miniature lights. The problem is that this would be dependent on the end user's own installation, so you could have upwards of 16-25 amps @ 12v. The 12v supply is switched by 16 MOSFETS which in turn are turned on/off or dimmed via the control circuit ( which runs at 5v taken from the 12v input and currently regulated via a linear 7805 regulator with associated capacitors). So I would assume I would not only need the protection to cover the PIC and associated IC's, but also the 16 FETs and thus need to handle the high amperage ?

    Any suggestion for the FET to use in the link Tabsoft provided ?

  6. #6
    Join Date
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    Default Re: Protection Circuit

    currently regulated via a linear 7805 regulator

    yuk , try a R-78E5.0-0.5 . no heat : - 92% efficient , pin compatible 7-28v input . try one ,you will never go back to nasty hot wasteful linear regs.

    I would use a fuse for the lights and just protect the 5v reg and its circuits, the body diodes of the lighting mosfets will blow a fuse nicely .

    better still get the pic to operate a 12v load relay when its had a look around and made sure everything is nice after power-up
    This is more entertaining than Free to Air TV

  7. #7
    Join Date
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    Default Re: Protection Circuit

    Plenty of P-channel MOSFETs to choose from.
    The SPD50P03 is 30V, 50A, 7mOhm, TO252 and the IPP80P03 is 30V, 80A, 4.4mOhm, TO220.

    The Recom switching regulator modules are very nice but if the current drawn by the low level circuit is low(ish) then a linear 7805 is just fine for going from 12V to 5V and a lot cheaper (about 1/5) than the Recom module. And IIRC the Recom module needs a minimum load for the regulation to work - which usually isn't a problem but something to look out for.

    /Henrik.

  8. #8
    Join Date
    Oct 2009
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    580

    Default Re: Protection Circuit

    Thanks once again for the input guys. The 5v is purely to run the PIC, a DS1307, 2 x 16 LCD and a PCA9865, so not really a huge load, and whilst the 7805 is not efficient, for the purpose it does juts fine.

    I'll check out the FETs that Henrik suggest, and look for some fuses for the lights. Thinking about it, as the 12v flows through the lights it doesn't matter which way round they are connected as the lights have no polarity being small incandescent lamps, so reverse polarity on the connections to the lights isn't required.

  9. #9
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    Default Re: Protection Circuit

    The lamps might not care but the 16 MOSFETs switching the current TO the lamps do "care" in the sense that if you get the polarity wrong their body diode will conduct and all the lamps will turn on. That might serve as an indication to the user that he just did something stupid...

    If that LCD has a backlight it might pull some current.

    PCA9865, what's that? Tried to Google for it but all I seem to get is 9685 which is a 16 channel LED dimmer IC, is that what you're using and if so are you driving the MOSFET gates with its output?

    The P-channel MOSFETs I suggested are just two I picked, like I said there are hundreds, if not thousands, to choose from. As for the fuses you may want to look at using a PTC.

    /Henrik.

  10. #10
    Join Date
    Oct 2009
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    580

    Default Re: Protection Circuit

    Thanks Henrik, yes it is a 9685 - dyslexic fingers !!

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