How long does it take for an 8 bit PIC to stabilize after Power-up?


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  1. #1
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    Default How long does it take for an 8 bit PIC to stabilize after Power-up?

    I searched the FAQ's and didn't find an answer so here goes. We have an application that's
    currently using an NE556 and several transistors and resistors for timing and logic that we'd
    like to replace with a 12F629 using the 4MHz internal clock. We have experience with the
    12F629 but the external power to an LM7805 in this application is cycled on and off every 1.2 seconds.

    We need to generate a pulse within 50 milli-seconds of power-up; 50 milli-seconds seems like a long time.
    Looking at the datasheet, the Oscillation Start-up Timer Period is 25 micro-seconds using the 4MHz
    internal clock which looks fine; the Power-up Timer Period is 132 milli-seconds which is a problem. Does the
    Power-up Timer Period apply here - i.e. does it take 132 milli-seconds to stabilize?

    Thanks,

    Craig

  2. #2
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    Default Re: How long does it take for an 8 bit PIC to stabilize after Power-up?

    I imagine the power up timer is to wait for the crystal frequency to be stable, and that you could disable it
    if you had an external clock source continually running (not in your case).
    You could use a reset circuit (a resistor and a capacitor) on the MCLR pin to make a shorter reset time.

  3. #3

    Default Re: How long does it take for an 8 bit PIC to stabilize after Power-up?

    Pretty sure the PWRT is belt and braces. If you don't need to startup in the minimum time and want to be completely stable.

    What would be the effect of a few clock cycles long/short slow/fast whatever?

    George

    George

  4. #4
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    Default Re: How long does it take for an 8 bit PIC to stabilize after Power-up?

    Quote Originally Posted by Art View Post
    I imagine the power up timer is to wait for the crystal frequency to be stable, and that you could disable it
    if you had an external clock source continually running (not in your case).
    You could use a reset circuit (a resistor and a capacitor) on the MCLR pin to make a shorter reset time.
    Thanks for the suggestion. I had considered adding a supercap to the power supply but didn't think to add a capacitor to the MCLR pin to retain the charge and prevent a reset.

    Craig

  5. #5
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    Default Re: How long does it take for an 8 bit PIC to stabilize after Power-up?

    Thatís actually not what I was suggesting, but instead to disable the powerup timer which usually holds MCLR,
    and use the MCLR pin yourself that will lower the power up time to what is acceptable with a stock reset circuit
    consisting of a resistor and capacitor. But if you can use a cap on the supply, the thing Iím working on now
    continues to multiplex a display for a couple of seconds after power off with two 470uF caps.

  6. #6

    Default Re: How long does it take for an 8 bit PIC to stabilize after Power-up?

    I had a quick look at the datasheet and I see that the Oscillator Start-up Timer is not invoked if an internal clock is selected. I couldn't find a figure for how long the internal clock takes to stabilize but the "Oscillator Wake-up from Sleep start-up time" is 8us (worst case)

    I think it's important to note that the power up timer is optional, so MC must forsee a situation where it is not used.

    If you believe that some delay after power up is necessary, Art's idea is the way to go.

    if you have space, how about a string of NOPs at the reset vector?

    George

    How long is the power off for?

  7. #7
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    Default Re: How long does it take for an 8 bit PIC to stabilize after Power-up?

    Interesting, I’d have thought it’s the internal RC clock that would be the option wanting to be stabilised,
    but really don’t know how the startup of either clock really looks on a scope, etc.

  8. #8

    Default Re: How long does it take for an 8 bit PIC to stabilize after Power-up?

    I’d have thought it’s the internal RC clock that would be the option wanting to be stabilised
    Do you have any basis for that or is it just agut feeling? Is it an RC clock? I can't find in the datasheet what kind of osc the internal 4Mhz clock is, perhaps I didn't look hard enough.

    Seems to me the internal osc is physically closer, has optimal caps, and a load of other things I can't think of.

    Anyway I think your idea of using an RC to hold MCRL for a short while is vcg's only option if he is uncomfortable turning off PWRT (which he has to to achieve 50Ms reliably).

    George

  9. #9
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    Default Re: How long does it take for an 8 bit PIC to stabilize after Power-up?

    itís more than a feeling that itís an RC clock.
    You would rarely need any external clock if it were any better, the clock wouldnít need a calibration value,
    and the clock wouldnít run faster if the chip is powered from a higher than spec voltage.
    Itís only a feeling that an RC clock would take the longest time to stabilise than any other option.

  10. #10

    Default Re: How long does it take for an 8 bit PIC to stabilize after Power-up?

    Looked in Mid-range family MCU ref manual and you're right, it is an RC clock.

    Having read the blurb I was surprised to find that although devices have a calibration value written to them, it is the responsibility of the application to fetch that value and write to the appropriate register.

    George
    Last edited by towlerg; - 31st March 2015 at 16:38. Reason: old and stupid

  11. #11
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    Default Re: How long does it take for an 8 bit PIC to stabilize after Power-up?

    Last edited by towlerg; Today at 00:38. Reason: old and stupid
    That’s a bit rough!

    It will loose time with temperature, and any supply voltage fluctuation (batteries).
    It’s ultra cheap, you can use serial, but not keep or measure time with it.

  12. #12
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    Default Re: How long does it take for an 8 bit PIC to stabilize after Power-up?

    Thatís an interesting find.
    You could probably cycle the calibration value at run time then.
    Code:
    for value = mincalvalue to maxcalvalue
    calvalue = value
    turn led on
    pause
    turn led off
    pause
    next value
    You could probably calibrate it yourself with a good freq counter,
    and double check their work or what they thought was operating temperature.

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