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  1. #1
    davleo's Avatar
    davleo Guest

    Default novice need help for a security keypad

    hi everybody,
    I just start in programing and i would like to make an security keypad. the keypad is a 4*4 connect to the 8 pin of portb like this
    B0..1...2...3...A
    B1..4...5...6...B
    B2..7...8...9...C
    B3..*...0...#...D
    ....B4..B5..B6..7
    I using a 16f84 and picbasic pro 2.44


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    I would like to know how to compare a code enter by the keypad with the one store in the program.
    I started like this:
    trisa=%00000000
    trisb=%11111111
    code=123A
    key1 var byte
    key2 var byte
    key3 var byte
    keyA var byte
    ,etc for each key
    key1 = portb.0 AND portb.4 at 0,
    key2 = portb.0 AND portb.5 at 0,I DON'T KNOW HOW TO DO THIS PART
    key3 = portb.0 AND portb.6 at 0,
    keyA = portb.0 AND portb.7 at 0,
    ,etc for each key
    key1:
    check keypad IF key1 is press THEN key2 else key1,
    key2:
    check keypad IF key2 is press THEN key3 else key1,I DON'T KNOW HOW TO DO THIS PART TOO

    key3:
    check keypad IF key3 is press THEN key3 else key1,
    key4:
    check keypad IF key4 is press THEN YES else NO
    yes:
    high portA.0, green led
    pause 5000
    low portA.0
    goto key1
    no:
    high portA.1, red led
    pause 5000
    low portA.1
    goto key1
    end

    For sure is not the good way, if somebody can give me help on this
    thanks

  2. #2
    davleo's Avatar
    davleo Guest

    Default

    up

  3. #3
    davleo's Avatar
    davleo Guest

    Unhappy

    nobody can't help me !
    please

  4. #4
    davleo's Avatar
    davleo Guest

    Question

    this is ma first code whta wrong with itthe explanation is in french but i'm sure you don't need it )
    eeprom 0,[11101110] ;pour chiffre 1
    eeprom 1,[10111011] ;pour chiffre 9
    eeprom 2,[11101011] ;pour chiffre 7
    eeprom 3,[11101110] ;pour chiffre 1
    trisa=%00000000 ; port A en sortie
    b0 var byte
    b1 var byte
    b2 var byte
    b3 var byte
    b10 var byte
    b11 var byte
    b12 var byte
    b13 var byte
    debut:
    low porta.1
    low porta.2
    trisb=%11111111 ;port B en entrée
    b0=portb ;lit le port B et met les info dans b0
    if b0=%11111111 then debut ; si aucune touche appuyé recommence a lire le port B jusqu'a l'appuis d'une touche
    pause 100
    b1=portb
    pause 100
    b2=portb
    pause 100
    b3=portb

    code1:
    read 0,b10
    if b10=b0 then code2
    goto bad
    code2:
    read 1,b11
    if b11=b1 then code3
    goto bad
    code3:
    read 2,b12
    if b12=b2 then code4
    goto bad
    code4:
    read 3,b13
    if b13=b3 then good
    goto bad

    bad:
    pause 1500
    high porta.2
    pause 3000
    low porta.2
    goto debut

    good:
    high porta.1
    pause 5000
    low porta.1
    goto debut
    end

  5. #5
    Join Date
    Jul 2003
    Location
    USA - Arizona
    Posts
    154

    Default

    You may want to look at the LOOKUP function. I belive it is probably what you want to use. Just create a table of all possible combinations you get on the keypad.

    Let me explain,

    B0+B4 = 1 (PORTB = 00010001)
    B0+B5 = 2 (PORTB = 00100001)

    etc...

    Now you have a 16 unique numbers that represent each keypad character. You can have the 16 numbers in a LOOKDOWN table, so you compare the PORTB number to the table. This gives you the location that matches the number. Now you create a LOOKUP table that contains the keypad characters in the EXACT order as the numbers they represent (as you created them in the LOOKDOWN table). You use the position value from the LOOKDOWN function to select you the desired character in the LOOKUP table.

    The following article is probably very useful:
    http://www.parallax.com/dl/docs/cols/nv/vol4/col/97.pdf

  6. #6
    davleo's Avatar
    davleo Guest

    Default

    thanks a lot a read that and let you know

  7. #7
    davleo's Avatar
    davleo Guest

    Default

    I tried lookup-look down method but I don't realy understand
    but i found an over way:
    EEPROM 0,[1,9,7,1]; my code
    ; variable declaration here
    ; port A declaration here
    debut:
    code=0
    decodage:
    PORTB.0 = high
    If PORTB.4 = then touche= 1
    If PORTB.5 = then touche= 2
    If PORTB.6 = then touche= 3
    If PORTB.7 = then touche= A
    PORTB.0 = low
    PORTB.1 = HIGH
    If PORTB.4 = then touche= 4
    If PORTB.5 = then touche= 5
    If PORTB.6 = then touche= 6
    If PORTB.7 = then touche= B
    ETC....


    branch code,[c1,c2,c3,c4]
    c1:
    read 0,b10
    if b10=touche then code=1 goto decodage
    else goto bad
    c2:
    read 1,b11
    if b11=touche then code=2 goto decodage
    else goto bad
    c3:
    read 2,b12
    if b12=touche then code=3 goto decodage
    else goto bad
    c4:
    read 3,b13
    if b13=touche then goto good
    else bad
    after that is very simple
    do you think is good? I didn't test this code yet, but I will this weekend.

  8. #8
    Join Date
    Jul 2003
    Posts
    2,358

    Default

    I think you should break-down this project into little stages. One of the most important is your Keypad entry routine - since the whole project rotates around that. To give you a helping start, tell me what kind of keypad is it... one of those where you scan Rows/Columns or one of those with a common pin and you then have one invidual pin for each button.

  9. #9
    Join Date
    Jul 2003
    Location
    USA - Arizona
    Posts
    154

    Cool

    Let's start with the table (from there you can implement it different ways):

    1 = B0+B4 = 00010001b = 11h
    2 = B0+B5 = 00100001b = 21h
    3 = B0+B6 = 01000001b = 41h
    A = B0+B7 = 10000001b = 81h
    4 = B1+B4 = 12h
    5 = B1+B5 = 22h
    6 = B1+B6 = 42h
    B = B1+B7 = 82h
    7 = B2+B4 = 14h
    8 = B2+B5 = 24h
    9 = B2+B6 = 44h
    C = B2+B7 = 84h
    * = B3+B4 = 18h
    0 = B3+B5 = 28h
    # = B3+B6 = 48h
    D = B3+B7 = 88h

    Ok, table is done.

    Now to use the lookdown / lookup method you build it like this:
    {
    *POLL / READ PORT B into keypad
    *byte variable position
    *byte variable position
    LOOKDOWN keypad, [$11,$21,$41,$81,$12,$22,$42,$82,$14,$24,$44,$84,$1 8,$28,$48,$88], position
    *this gives you the location in the table for the numeric representation of the character selected and puts it in 'position'*
    LOOKUP position,["123A456B789C*0#D"],codeX
    *this gives you the actual character selected and puts it in 'codeX'*
    }

    You then poll the keypad for the next characters in sequence.

    The same applies to your, IF-THEN-ELSE routine. You can use it, but you should've built the table. Then you do something like:
    IF PORTB = $11 then codeX = "1" etc...

    Hope this helps, I am no expert and surely my hex is pretty rusty. But you should also get good guidance from some pretty smart people around here.

    A good read before you even begin to tinker with PBP (in my opinion) is the BasicStamp manual. You will not get any better documentation since that is where it all started, and it is so widely used that each command is explained with great detail. The commands unique to PBP are obviously not in it, but most are (this is one of them).

    Good luck.

  10. #10
    davleo's Avatar
    davleo Guest

    Default

    Originally posted by Melanie
    I think you should break-down this project into little stages. One of the most important is your Keypad entry routine - since the whole project rotates around that. To give you a helping start, tell me what kind of keypad is it... one of those where you scan Rows/Columns or one of those with a common pin and you then have one invidual pin for each button.

    my keypad is a 4*4 rows/columns ,
    row=rb0 ->rb3
    columns= rb4->rb7
    but my code is correct or scrap ?

  11. #11
    davleo's Avatar
    davleo Guest

    Default

    thanks LANGER, but the keypad need to works with rb0->rb3 in output, and rb4->rb7 in input, but I starting to understand the method.

  12. #12
    Tim B's Avatar
    Tim B Guest

    Default

    davleo

    In case you have not resolved your problem, have a look at a project on just such a device I wrote for a new Pic Basic User site.

    http://users.picbasic.org/

    Look under Projects, Control

    There is nothing unique in there to unique that will not prevent an easy conversion to Pbp

    Tim

  13. #13
    davleo's Avatar
    davleo Guest

    Default

    thx for the link very interesting

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